1. Use Alternative Text for Images
Make sure all images have alternative text (alt text) describing their content. This will allow users who are visually impaired to understand the content of the images through a screen reader.
2. Use Captions for Videos or Audio
Provide captions or transcriptions for any videos or audio content on your website. This will make your website usable for users who are deaf or hard of hearing.
3. Use Elements to Organize Your Site
Make it easy for people with cognitive or learning disabilities to find what they need on your website. Use headings, lists, and other tools to organize your website's content in a logical and clear way.
4. Keep Your Navigation Clear and Consistent
Provide clear and consistent navigation throughout your website. This will help users with motor impairments to easily find the information they need.
5. Make Your Site Keyboard Navigable
Ensure that your website is usable with a keyboard and that all interactive elements are operable via a keyboard. This will make your website usable for users who cannot use a mouse or have motor impairments.
6. Use Clear and Concise Language
Use clear and concise language to communicate your message. This will make your website easier to understand and navigate for users with cognitive or learning disabilities.
7. Use Color with Caution
Make your site accessible to those with color blindness by not relying solely on color. Use symbols instead of red text to indicate errors. For important information, use black text on a white background. Check your site in grayscale mode to verify readability.
8. Use Automated Accessibility Tools
Sites like AChecker, TAW, and WAVE can scan your website and identify potential accessibility issues, such as missing alternative text for images, poor color contrast, and non-keyboard accessible elements.
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